Kepulauan Togean

Kepulauan Togean (Togean Islands)  National Park placed in Tomini Gulf, Tojo Una-una District, Central Sulawesi. Located in the transition zone Wallace and Weber lines and a group of a small island that lay in the middle of the Gulf of Tomini. Kepulauan Togean National Park is located at the geographical position at coordinates between 121o51'63" - 122o44'00" East and 00o07'43" - 00o65'06" South. Its covered an area of 362.605 hectares.

Kepulauan Togean National Park are a archipelago of six main and about 60 smaller islands. The six main islands are : Unauna, Batudaka, Togean, Talatakoh, Waleakodi, and Waleabahi. They lie on a submarine ridge in the south-east of the gulf and are of volcanic origin, actually Unauna in the north-west is an active volcano. The islands rise steeply from 1.200 to 1.500 m. 

The islands lies just a few kilometres south of the equator. The Togean include 3 main volcanic islands close together, and another one apart on the north that erupted last in 1984, as well as numerous islets.  This is the only place in the world where barrier reefs, atolls, and fringing reefs are found together.

Kepulauan Togean National Park has one that is not usually found in other national park  are found here, the wide variety of fruit trees. Fruit trees among other, similar to Jackfruit (Artocarpus integer), Durian (Durio zibethinus), Rao (Dracontomelon dao), Tea (Artocarpus elasticus), and Mango (Mangifera foetida). 

 Secondary tree species which are common is Kole (Alphitonia excelsa), Ndolia (Cananga odorata), Anthocephalus chinensis, Duabanga moluccana, Aistonia spedtabilis, Mallotus spp., and Macaranga spp. Alphitonia incanaand, Trichespemum morotaense that often dominate the stands at the secondary forest is one characteristic of secondary forest in Sulawesi. The same is also found in the vicinity of the Lore Lindu National Park also in Central Sulawesi, good forest conditions found in the area around the mid to top of Benteng Mountain. Here encountered many 'Durian' (Durio zibethinus) measuring diameter up to more than 80 cm.

According to research conducted by Conservation International, the area, which is located in Tomini Bay, is home to at least 596 fish species, two of them believed to be endemic to the area :  Paradheilinus togeanensis and Ecsenius.  Its also recorded 555 mollusk species from 103 families and 336 gastropod species.

The area was also home to at least 262 coral species, comprised  of 19 families, with 4 percent of them in excelent condition, 16 percent in good condition and 40 percent in moderate condition. The remaining 28 percent are poor condition and 12 percent in very poor condition.

Research also indentified at least 50 animal species living in local mangrovers, such as apes (10 genus), fishes (10 genus), amphibians (2 genus), reptiles (3 genus) and mammals (2 genus).

Delta Crocodiles (Crocodiylus porosus) can still found in mangroves around Kilat, Bambu dan Wakai Bay, as well as Green Turtles (Chelonia mydas) and scaled turtles (Eretmochelis imbricate). Local residents also sometimes encounter the Dugong Sea Mammal in the area, where Nambo Seagrass is abundant.

Research also indicates that the area is home to at least 90 bird species, including the protected 'Sulawesi Julang' or 'Alo' (Rhyticeros cassidix) and the Bondol Eagle (Halistur indus).

For those with more specialised adventurous tastes, the Togean islan offer various for type of coral of the world can be found here (fringing reef), barrier reef, patch reef and atoll. Admirable places for snorkeling and diving. Four types of coral of the world can be found here (Fringing reef).

Declared by Minister of Forestry No. 418/Menhut-II/2004. October 19, 2004