Bogani Nani Wartabone

Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park is located at Minahasa Peninsula, Sulawesi Indonesia. This national park has an area of 287.115  hectares.  Formerly known as Dumoga Bone National Park, it was established in 1991 and was rename in honour of Nani Wartabone, a local resistence fighter who drove the Japanese from Gorontalo during the World War II.

Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park is located in the transitional zone between the Indo-Malayan geographical zone in the western part and the Papua-Australian geographical zone in the eastern part (the Wallaceae Area).

Located at the geographical position between 123o08' - 124o14' East and 0o20' - 0o49' North, altitude 50 - 2.000 m above sea level, temperature 21o - 31o C, rainfall  average between 1.200 - 2.000 mm/year. Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park region upstream area of 2 important rivers in the area, namely the Onggak Dumoga River and Bone-Bolango River.

The forest of Bogani Nani Wartabone National park are one of the most important sites for conserving the island's unique and rich terrestrial flora and fauna. Lowland and sub-montane rainforest covers the area and provides habitats for a large number of endemic and globally threatened species such as the Anoa, Babirusa, 3 species of Macaques, and 19 globally threatened bird species.

Several pecurial and endangered species of plant inhabit this park, including the Matayangan Palm (Pholidocarpus ihur), Black Wood (Diospyros celebica), Iron Wood (Intsia sp.), Yellow Wood (Arcangelisia flava), and Carrion Flower (Amorphophallus companulatus). The most commonly found species are Piper oduncum, Trema orientalis, Macaranga sp., Agathis sp., Canangium odoratum, and various species of orchid and ornamental plant.

This park has 24 species of mammals, 125 species of birds, 11 species of reptiles, 2 species of amphibians, 38 species of butterflies, 200 species of beetle and 19 species of fish. Most animal living in this park are endemic species to Sulawesi, like the Black-crested Macaque (Macaca nigra nigra), Tomini Black-crested Macaque (Macaca nigrescens), Eastern Tarsier (Tarsius spectrum spectrum), Sulawesi Palm Civet (Macrogalidia musschenbroekii musschenbroekii), Lowland Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis), Mountain Anoa (Bubalus quarlesi), Babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa celebensis), and various bird species.

The mascot bird wildlife park is Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo), is a species endemic to the Bogan Nani Wartabone National Park. The size is similar to chicken, but the eggs 6 times the weight of chicken eggs. Maleo laying their eggs in the soil/sand 30 - 40 cm, and is usually located adjacent to the hot springs. With this geothermal Maleo egg hatch. The exit of the child Maleo from the ground, running children Maleo to the wild (day old), peek mother digging holes, are one of the interesting wildlife attractions for tourists.

The endemic Maleo birds have been bred succesfully in this park. As per February 2012, about 3.300 Maleo birds have been released to their habitat. Hungoyono camp in Bone Bolango is the largest Maleo habitat which the conservationists have 4 breeding sites. Normally the birds need geothermal hot sand for their breeding as in Hungoyono camp.

The route to get the Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park from Gorontalo city are 20 kms. This distance can be traveled in les than 1 hour by four wheels drive. Although not available yet complete supporting facilities. This park area already has several facilities including the guest house, laboratory researcher homestead, a path, the cottage work, guardhouse, camping ground, research station, shelters etc.

Declared by Minister of Forestry No. 1127/Kpts-II/1992. December 19, 1992.