Manupeu - Tanah Daru

Manupeu - Tanah Daru National Park is located in Sumba Island, Indonesia, with a region of 87.984,09 hectares, with a stretch of steep topography of the cliffs bordering the seashore and has a spring forest ecosystem types lowlands.

Manupeu - Tanah Daru National Park covers some of the last remaining lowland monsoon forest in Sumba. Most of the forest areas of this park are on steep slopes which rise from sea level up to a heigh of 600 m above.

Lies at the geographical location between 119029' - 119053' East and 9035' - 9053', temperature 250 - 320 C, rainfall on average 2.000 mm/year. This park has a high species diversity, with some 118 species of plant including Suren (Toona sureni), Taduk (Sterculia foetida), Kesambi (Schleichera oleosa), Pulai (Alstonia scholaris), Tamarin (Tamarindus indica), Kemiri (Aleurites moluccana), Jambu hutan (Syzygium sp.), Cemara Gunung (Casuarina sp.), and Lantana (Lantana camara).

There are about 87 species of bird, including seven endemic species, like the Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata), Sumba Hornbill (Rhyticeros everetti), Sumba Green Pigeon (Treron teysmannii), Sumba Flycatcher (Ficedula harterti), Sumba Cicada bird (Coracina dohertyi), and Apricot-breasted Sunbird (Nectarinia buettikoferi). The Sumba Hornbill and the Yellow-crested Cockatoo are the rarest and are threathened almost to the point of extinction.

'Julang Sumba' (Rhyticeros everetti) and 'Kakatua Cempaka' (Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata) is the most rare birds and endangered species, especially on the island of Sumba.

Manupeu - Tanah Daru National Park has  57 species of butterflies including seven endemic to the island of Sumba is Papilio neumoegenii, Idespsis oberthurii, Delias fasciata, Junonia adulatrix, Athyma karita, Sumalia chilo, and Elimnia amoena.

Point of tourism in Manupeu - Tanah Daru National Park among others Waikabubak Land, adjacent to Manupeu - Tanah Daru National Park found many ancient tombs carved. Ancient tombs is a symbol of social status and public health (Kadung Tana, Watu Karagata, and Bulu Peka Mila).

Pasola, is the attraction of the ritual is very interesting and exciting, because it seems some people mount a horse who decorated the colorful, attack each other to knock each other with wooden spears.  Attractions was held in February in Lamboya and Kodi, March in Gaura and Wanukaka.

Location was interesting to visit : Matayangu and Lapopu. The waterfall located in the village Waimanu and Katikutana.

How to reach the park  : Kupang - Waingapu, with planes about an hour, then from Waingapu - Lawa - Waikabubak by road four-wheel drive for about two hours, which continued into the national park location (Langgaliru Village, Countryside Vilage Katiku Loku and Watumbelar).

Declared by Minister of Forestry No. 576/Kpts-II/1998. August 3, 1998.